Glossary

Aggregation

The formation of a number of things into a cluster

Alternate leaves

A single leaf is attached at a node

Angiosperms

Plants which carry their ovules enclosed in a fruit or other protective capsule

Antiphlogistic

Acts against inflammation or fever

Apothcary

A medical professional who formulates and dispenses materia medica to physicians, surgeons, and patients.

Artemisia

Any of many aromatic flowering plants of the genus artemisia

Astringent

Causing the contraction of skin cells and other body tissues

Axil

The upper angle between a leaf stalk or branch, and the stem or trunk from which it is growing

Ayur

Meaning life or vital power

Bract

A modified leaf or scale, typically small, with a flower or flower cluster in its axil

Bruising leaves

Bend or press the leaves until they show a crease meaning that the cells have been broken. A mortar and pestle can be used to do this.

Carcinogenisis

The actual formation of cancer

Carminative

A drug that relieves flatulence / wind

Catkin

A slim, cylindrical flower cluster, with inconspicuous or no petals, usually wind-pollinated but sometimes insect-pollinated

Coalesce

Come together to form one mass or whole

Compound

An infusion of several herbs.

Concoction

A mixture of various ingredients or elements

Convalescence

Time spent recovering from an illness or medical treatment

Copse

A small group of trees

Cryptogams

Plants without flowers

Deciduous

A tree or shrub that sheds its leaves annually.

Decoction

A method of extraction by boiling herbal or plant material to dissolve the chemicals of the material. This may include using stems, root, bark and rhizomes. Decoction firstly involves mashing the plant material to allow for maximum dissolution. Then the material is boiled in water to extract oils, volatile organic compounds and other various chemical substances.

Denoting

Be a sign of / indicate

Dicotyledons

Plants which produce two seed leaves

Diuretic

A substance that increases the production of urine

Double-toothed leaves

Leaves have small, marginal teeth or serrations between the main veins but then also have smaller teeth between these.

Douche

A shower or spray of water.

Elymology

The study of the origin of words and the way in which their meanings have changed throughout history

Emmenagogue

A substance that stimulates or increases menstrual flow

Empirical

By observation or experience rather than theory and pure logic

Fissure

A fissure is a flat depression on the trunk of a tree.

Gingivitis

Gum disease that can include red and swollen gums and bleeding gums after brushing or flossing of the teeth.

Gymnosperms

Plants which carry ovules exposed

Hepatoxicity

Implies chemical-driven liver damage

Herbaceous plant

Has no persistent woody stem above ground

Homeopathy

A alternative natural form of medicine

Idiosyncrasy

A reaction different from those of others

Indigenous

Originating or occurring naturally in a particular place

Infusion

The process of extracting chemical compounds or flavours from plant material. Using a solvent such as water, oil, or alcohol allows the material to remain suspended in the solvent over time. The resultant liquid is also called an infusion.

Jaundice

When your skin and the whites of your eyes turn yellow. It can be a sign of something serious, such as liver disease.

Metabolic Process

Involves enzymes which play a very specific and crucial role in the breakdown and transformation of food molecules into energy to be utilized by the body.

Monocotyledons

Plants producing a single leaf

Neurotoxicity

A form of toxicity in which a biological, chemical, or physical agent produces an adverse effect on the structure or the function of the central and/or nervous system.

Nervine

A medicine used to calm the nerves

Occlusion

The blocking or closing of a blood vessel or hollow organ

Olfactory

Relating to the sense of smell

Opposite Leaves

A pair of leaves is attached at a node

Percolation

The process of a liquid slowly passing through a filter

Perrenial

Living for several years

Phanerophytes

Trees and shrubs

Phanerograms

Plants with flowers or seeds

Phototoxicity

A chemically induced skin irritation requiring light that does not involve the immune system. The skin response resembles an exaggerated sunburn.

Physiological

Relating to the branch of biology that deals with normal functions of living organisms and their parts

Phytotherapy

Relies on empirical appreciation of medicinal herbs. Often linked to traditional knowledge.

Pinnate

Having leaflets arranged on either side of the stem, typically in pairs opposite each other

Prophylactic

Intended to prevent disease

Psychotropic

Relating to or denoting drugs that affect a persons mental state.

Purgative

Strongly laxative in effect

Rhizome

A subterranean stem of a plant that sends out roots and shoots from its nodes. They are also called creeping rootstalks and rootstocks which develop from ancillary buds and grow horizontally. The rhizome also retains the ability to allow new shoots to grow upwards.

Simple

A one-herb potion or infusion.

Steep

Soak in water.

Styptic

A substance capable of causing bleeding to stop when applied to a wound.

Suckers

Shoots which grow from a bud at the base of a tree or shrub. Or they grow from adventitious buds in its roots.

Swasthya

A union of physical, emotional and spiritual health

Synergy

Working together creating a whole which is greater than the sum of its parts

Terpenes

A large and diverse class of organic compounds produced by a variety of plants. They often have a strong odour and may protect the plants that produce them by deterring herbivores. They can attract predators and parasites of the herbivores.

Tuber

The thickened underground part of a stem or rhizome

Umbel

A flower cluster in which stalks of nearly equal length spring from a common centre and form a flat or curved surface, characteristic of the parsley family.

Veda

Meaning knowledge of science

Vesticant

An agent that produces blisters

Whorled Leaves

Three or more leaves are attached at a node

 

 

 

 

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