Glossary

Aggregation

The formation of a number of things into a cluster

Angiosperms

Plants which carry their ovules enclosed in a fruit or other protective capsule

Antiphlogistic

Acts against inflammation or fever

Apothcary

A medical professional who formulates and dispenses materia medica to physicians, surgeons, and patients.

Artemisia

Any of many aromatic flowering plants of the genus artemisia

Astringent

Causing the contraction of skin cells and other body tissues

Ayur

Meaning life or vital power

Bruising leaves

Bend or press the leaves until they show a crease meaning that the cells have been broken. A mortar and pestle can be used to do this.

Carcinogenisis

The actual formation of cancer

Carminative

A drug that relieves flatulence / wind

Coalesce

Come together to form one mass or whole

Compound

An infusion of several herbs.

Concoction

A mixture of various ingredients or elements

Cryptogams

Plants without flowers

Decoction

A method of extraction by boiling herbal or plant material to dissolve the chemicals of the material. This may include using stems, root, bark and rhizomes. Decoction firstly involves mashing the plant material to allow for maximum dissolution. Then the material is boiled in water to extract oils, volatile organic compounds and other various chemical substances.

Denoting

Be a sign of / indicate

Dicotyledons

Plants which produce two seed leaves

Diuretic

A substance that increases the production of urine

Elymology

The study of the origin of words and the way in which their meanings have changed throughout history

Emmenagogue

A substance that stimulates or increases menstrual flow

Empirical

By observation or experience rather than theory and pure logic

Gingivitis

Gum disease that can include red and swollen gums and bleeding gums after brushing or flossing of the teeth.

Gymnosperms

Plants which carry ovules exposed

Hepatoxicity

Implies chemical-driven liver damage

Herbaceous plant

Has no persistent woody stem above ground

Homeopathy

A alternative natural form of medicine

Idiosyncrasy

A reaction different from those of others

Indigenous

Originating or occurring naturally in a particular place

Infusion

The process of extracting chemical compounds or flavours from plant material. Using a solvent such as water, oil, or alcohol allows the material to remain suspended in the solvent over time. The resultant liquid is also called an infusion.

Metabolic Process

Involves enzymes which play a very specific and crucial role in the breakdown and transformation of food molecules into energy to be utilized by the body.

Monocotyledons

Plants producing a single leaf

Neurotoxicity

A form of toxicity in which a biological, chemical, or physical agent produces an adverse effect on the structure or the function of the central and/or nervous system.

Nervine

A medicine used to calm the nerves

Occlusion

The blocking or closing of a blood vessel or hollow organ

Olfactory

Relating to the sense of smell

Phanerophytes

Trees and shrubs

Phanerograms

Plants with flowers or seeds

Phototoxicity

A chemically induced skin irritation requiring light that does not involve the immune system. The skin response resembles an exaggerated sunburn.

Physiological

Relating to the branch of biology that deals with normal functions of living organisms and their parts

Phytotherapy

Relies on empirical appreciation of medicinal herbs. Often linked to traditional knowledge.

Prophylactic

Intended to prevent disease

Psychotropic

Relating to or denoting drugs that affect a persons mental state.

Purgative

Strongly laxative in effect

Rhizome

A subterranean stem of a plant that sends out roots and shoots from its nodes. They are also called creeping rootstalks and rootstocks which develop from ancillary buds and grow horizontally. The rhizome also retains the ability to allow new shoots to grow upwards.

Simple

A one-herb potion or infusion.

Styptic

A substance capable of causing bleeding to stop when applied to a wound.

Swasthya

A union of physical, emotional and spiritual health

Synergy

Working together creating a whole which is greater than the sum of its parts

Terpenes

A large and diverse class of organic compounds produced by a variety of plants. They often have a strong odour and may protect the plants that produce them by deterring herbivores. They can attract predators and parasites of the herbivores.

Veda

Meaning knowledge of science

Vesticant

An agent that produces blisters

 

 

 

 

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